The 25th international conference on mechanical engineering was held at the Tarbiat Modares University on May 2nd,2017.

On the first day of this conference Dr. Haeri Yazdi, the Head of ISME, lectured.

He referred to concepts like entrepreneurship, job creation and the challenges the engineering society faces with. In the field of entrepreneurship, he stated pushing unexperienced graduates toward entrepreneurship as risk and mentioned that: “if today we are facing many unemployed graduates, in the future may face with many students who are not only unemployed but also bankrupted which is a bigger catastrophe”.

He also spoke on job creation, the new challenges of the current model which is the creation of jobs by the government and then hiring a suitable workforce. One of these challenges is the annual increase of college graduates and its coincidence with the inability of the government to employ this amount of workforce besides the country’s poor industry which has intensified employment crisis.

Dr. Haeri Yazdi referred to the incorrect policies in the field of higher education over the years which has led to an increase in the number of graduates and an escalation of unemployment. He stated educating powerful and able students for the current business conditions of the country, as one of the missions of universities. In the following, he mentioned that academic society should guide part of graduates toward creatorship in the field of industry and service by fostering creative and thoughtful force beside entrepreneurship education otherwise, the university will lose its reputation in the public opinion.

He also addressed the challenges of the next 10 years in the engineering community, challenges including issues such as water crisis, energy crisis, air pollution, environment, etc. He pointed out that apathy toward these changes and challenges will cause irrecoverable damages. In the following, he brought up two categories of industrial competitiveness and their globalization over the past two decades which requires more connection between the industry and the university. These two characteristics, which have been leading the economy in these two decades, have also affected the universities.

At the end, he talked about the challenges of the engineering education and the crucial need for change in this matter. However, the high level of bureaucracy in Iran has complicated the process to implement these changes. He considered the origin of these changes as the globalization of industry and more industrial competitiveness. One of the problems mentioned above can be from the lack of relevance of academic research to the needs and problems of the country and the increase in the capacity of the graduate education courses. Finally, he emphasized: “industry requires to be in competition in order to survive and this can become possible with the support of a strong academic department and create a structural link between the needs of industry and the university.”